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Amit Patel (University of Massachusetts Boston)
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22 pages
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Over 900 million people lived in either slums or squatter settlements in 2003, a number projected to increase to approximately 2 billion by 2030 (UN-Habitat 2003). Most of this growth is expected in the developing world especially in Asia and Africa. It is predicted that many large cities in developing countries will grow in population exponentially but the development of formal housing will not be able to keep pace with this rapid urbanization (UN-Habitat 2003). The international development community has recognized the proliferation of slums as an important societal issue for rapidly urbanizing developing countries. Problem of slums was explicitly recognized as one of the targets in the Millennium Development Goals that aimed to significantly improve lives of 100 million slum dwellers by 2020 (United Nations 2000) and has become even more significant with a target to have affordable housing and basic services for all as part of Sustainable Development Goals (United Nations 2015). Unless urban planners and policymakers pay adequate attention to make cities equitable, and housing affordable to urban poor, slums may be inevitable. This case helps in teaching about this issue to next generation of urban planners and policymakers.


Slum; Housing; Urban planning; Affordability; Poverty; India; Policy; Policy analysis; Development; Inequality; Water; Sanitation

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