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Reference no. 9-109-S04
Spanish language
Published by:
Harvard Business Publishing (2004)
14 September 2007
Revision date:
20 pages
Data source:
Published sources


This is a Spanish version. The principal players in WorldCom's accounting fraud included CFO Scott Sullivan, the General Accounting and Internal Audit departments, external auditor Arthur Andersen, and the board of directors. The case provides sufficient detail to allow for a full discussion of the pressures that lead executives and managers to 'cook the books', the boundary between earnings smoothing or management and fraudulent reporting, the role for internal control systems and internal audit to prevent or rapidly detect accounting fraud, the expectations about governance processes performed by external auditors and the board of directors, and the pressure and consequences when middle managers follow orders that they know are wrong. Written from the public record, the case contains numerous quotes from an individual involved in the WorldCom fraud that were reported by the Investigative Committee and Wall Street Journal articles about several of the individuals caught up in the situation.


Business ethics; Financial statements; Organizational behavior; Accounting policies; Accounting procedures; Organizational culture; Corporate governance; Fraud; Auditing; Bankruptcy; Leadership; Board of directors; Financial accounting
USD30 billion revenues, 60,000 employees
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