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Published by:
IIMA Case Centre, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (2015)
Revision date:
12 pages
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In December 2015, 196 countries will meet in Paris to reach a new global climate change agreement. This case looks at the climate negotiation process from the eyes of India's environment minister Mr Prakash Javadekar. He has challenging days ahead as he has to decide what should be India's stance in this global debate. In India's context, the energy sector has a big role to play in emission reduction as it is the largest emitter of the GHGs. Therefore, the role of Mr Piyush Goyal, minister of energy is also important. When compared to US and China, India's per capita emissions are miniscule but they are expected to rise substantially as the government of India is investing heavily in the infrastructure sector which has a substantial carbon footprint. Therefore, the global community expects India to announce mandatory emission cuts. However, Mr Javadekar also needs to take fulfillment of sustainable development goals into consideration. Also, the government's promise of providing 24 by 7 electricity by 2019 can be an impediment in setting an aggressive emission cut target. The government of India has announced a massive renewable energy target to be achieved by 2020. Changing the portfolio mix can also be a part of the solution. Mr Javadekar has to decide whether India should go for mandatory emission cuts or market the existing carbon mitigation efforts more aggressively? How to prioritize GDP growth and environment sustainability or they can go hand in hand?  Mr Javadekar needs to come up with the solutions to these questions in the coming days.


UNFCC; India's GHG emissions; GHG mitigation; Common but differentiated responsibilities; Climate negotiation process

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