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Compact case
Authors: Saumitra Jha
Published by: Stanford Business School
Originally published in: 2012
Version: 14 April 2012
Length: 1 pages
Data source: Published sources

Abstract

This is part of a case series. In 1985, MC Mehta, a lawyer and head of his own environmental NGO, filed a public interest litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court of India to enforce the 1981 Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act in the environs of India’s National Capital Region (NCR). In 1988, World Bank experts had advised the Indian government that given the extent to which air pollution in the National Capital Region came from an increasingly large fleet of passenger vehicles, an effective policy would be to mandate relatively clean compressed natural gas (CNG) in public transportation vehicles. Although the government had actively considered a series of policies, it had failed to implement any. By the early 1990s, New Delhi was the fourth-most polluted city in the world. By June 1998, the sub-particulate matter concentration in Delhi’s air was three times higher than the standards set by India’s Central Pollution Control Board. This case follows India’s Supreme Court ruling in 1998 that all buses, taxis, and auto-rickshaws in Delhi be switched to clean fuels by March 31, 2001. Public transportation operators, the regional government, and Delhi residents all had interests at stake and were not necessarily supportive of the changes. The case is divided into 3 parts (A), (B), and (C) - and sets up an analysis of how the Supreme Court ultimately achieved its mandate.
Location:
Other setting(s):
2012

About

Abstract

This is part of a case series. In 1985, MC Mehta, a lawyer and head of his own environmental NGO, filed a public interest litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court of India to enforce the 1981 Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act in the environs of India’s National Capital Region (NCR). In 1988, World Bank experts had advised the Indian government that given the extent to which air pollution in the National Capital Region came from an increasingly large fleet of passenger vehicles, an effective policy would be to mandate relatively clean compressed natural gas (CNG) in public transportation vehicles. Although the government had actively considered a series of policies, it had failed to implement any. By the early 1990s, New Delhi was the fourth-most polluted city in the world. By June 1998, the sub-particulate matter concentration in Delhi’s air was three times higher than the standards set by India’s Central Pollution Control Board. This case follows India’s Supreme Court ruling in 1998 that all buses, taxis, and auto-rickshaws in Delhi be switched to clean fuels by March 31, 2001. Public transportation operators, the regional government, and Delhi residents all had interests at stake and were not necessarily supportive of the changes. The case is divided into 3 parts (A), (B), and (C) - and sets up an analysis of how the Supreme Court ultimately achieved its mandate.

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Location:
Other setting(s):
2012

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