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Technical note
Reference no. UVA-OM-1542
Published by:
Darden Business Publishing (2020)
3 June 2020
Revision date:
6 pages
Data source:
Published sources


This brief note provides a description of the A3 report, a classic problem-solving methodology associated with the Toyota Production System. A3 thinking may be used for many activities, including problem solving, proposal writing, and status reporting. The six elements of an A3 report are described briefly.


A3; Lean; Process improvement; Toyota production system; Continuous improvement; Continuous improvement & kaizen; Operations strategy

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